Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the sebaceous (oil) glands and hair follicles of the skin characterized by the eruption of comedones (whiteheads and blackheads), pustules, papulopustules (pimples) and cysts. Several factors play a role in its development, and a certain genetic predisposition also plays a role in this disorder.

The following factors are involved in the development of acne:

increased and abnormal sebum (oil gland) production
excessive development and retention of cells in the hair follicle abundant bacterial colonization

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